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Autobiography of a woman

2022-06-27 11:36:48Reading notes

《 A woman's autobiography 》 Originally in 1947 Published in the United States , At that time, foreigners were regarded as reading objects , So the title of the book is 《 An autobiography of a Chinese woman 》, This book has also become a window for foreigners to understand the social life of China in the era of transformation between the old and the new .1966 year , According to yangbuwei's manuscript , This book has a Chinese version , But when Chinese Mainland entered a decade of catastrophe , Mainland readers naturally have no chance to see this book , until 2014 year , This book was published by Guangxi Normal University Press . At that time , The first publication of this biography , It's almost over 70 Year time , And the ups and downs of this book , It also makes people feel the changes of time and history .

《 A woman's autobiography 》

《 A woman's autobiography 》 Point of view

She was born into a famous family , But they have to escape the shackles of feudal marriage , Come back after learning , But also for love across the ocean .

《 A woman's autobiography 》 You read about

  1. A woman from a large family in the late Qing Dynasty , In the fierce confrontation between old and new ideas , How to fight against your own marriage ?
  2. Years old 21 At the age of, he was the principal of Chongshi girls' school , What kind of test has she gone through ?
  3. 1919 year , She founded Morin hospital, which was booming , Why did she quit the business again ?
  4. From her experience , What inspiration can we get ?

《 A woman's autobiography 》 author

Yangbuwei , The first generation of Western medicine obstetricians in China 、 The first female hospital director in Chinese history 、 Doctor of medicine, Imperial University, Tokyo, Japan 、 The wife of famous linguist zhaoyuanren . The author's book was first published in English in the United States through zhaoyuanren's translation , For the western world to understand China 20 A period of history around the th century is very helpful . Yang Buwei also published 《 A woman's autobiography 》 My sister memoirs 《 Miscellaneous notes of the Zhao family 》.

《 A woman's autobiography 》 Core content

This book describes from yangbuwei 1889 Born in 1921 He married zhaoyuanren in , Before and after 30 Years of experience . The author's experience , Just in time for the transformation of the old and new society in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China , Her marriage 、 To study 、 Career and marriage , Inevitably, it is inextricably linked with family background and time factors . Because I was born in a famous family , The author also has close contacts with some famous historical figures of that era , Including liyuanhong 、 Bo Wenwei 、 Hu Shi and so on , This biography is also a window to understand the times and characters from the side .

《 A woman's autobiography 》 Reading notes

A woman born in a large family during the transition period between the old and the new society , Birth 、 family 、 Personality and so on , How to create a legendary experience , In this special historical period , How will she face the fate of being engaged at birth , How to choose your own career , How to face the conflict between career and love ?

Personal background

Yangbuwei 1889 Born in , The Yang family began to live in Nanjing huapailou , Later, I moved to Yanling lane, which is one street away , There's... Hanging at the door “ Chizhou Yangyu ” Brand ,“ Residence ” Is the apartment of the apartment . Tell the people , This is Lao Yang's family from Chizhou, Anhui Province . at that time , There are 36 people in the four generations of Yang residence , There are also two teachers 、 An accountant 、 A special Scripture engraver 、 A gatekeeper 、 Two watchmen 、 Five cooks 、 Seven handyman 、 Fourteen nannies and old maids 、 A total of 76 people , Live here “ Chizhou Yangyu ” Of 132 In a house . At birth , Yang Buwei married his aunt's cousin , He passed it on to the second uncle's family .

Family factors and the influence of the times

At this time, the so-called "Tong Guang ZTE" is in the last years of the late Qing Dynasty . Although I was married at birth , But because my grandfather yangrenshan was very open-minded , Yangbuwei never tied his feet , This seems to indicate that she will eventually be liberated . Her grandfather yangrenshan was also the teacher of tansitong, one of the key figures in the reform movement of 1898 ;1895 China was defeated in the Sino Japanese War of 1894-1895 , When family members talk about western ideas , When she was young, she was exposed to human rights 、 Ideas such as freedom ;1898 The news of the reform movement of 1898 came , The whole family is excited , He was also sad because of the failure of the political reform and Tan Sitong's death , This also planted the seeds of revolution in Yang Buwei's heart ; My grandfather supported her in the new school , Let yangbuwei develop an independent character , In the end in 20 At the age of, he broke off his engagement with the support of his grandfather yangrenshan , meanwhile , She also became a member of the China League , Joined the revolutionary ranks early .


Join the revolution and go to Japan to study medicine , Practice medicine after graduation

1911 The revolution of 1911 broke out , She not only devoted herself to the revolutionary cause , still 21 At the age of, he was invited by baiwenwei, commander of the first army of the national revolutionary army , He was the principal of the first girls' school in the Republic of China , During his tenure as President , Once encountered a mutiny of troops , The rebels threatened to occupy the governor's mansion , Bo Wenwei's family members were so scared that they all fled to the girls' school . She was not afraid to command the rebellion in the face of danger , Even Bai Wenwei was greatly impressed . A year and a half later , The second revolution failed , The school was disbanded , She went to Japan to study medicine , He also received a doctor of medicine from Imperial University of Tokyo, Japan with excellent results ,1919 After returning to China in , She opened a Western-style hospital in Beijing , Become the first generation of Western medicine obstetricians in China , And served as the first female hospital president in China . Second, the famous linqiaozhi worked as an obstetrician and gynecologist in Peking Union Medical College Hospital , All are 10 Years later . Yang Buwei's position in the history of Chinese medicine can be seen .

Meet a bosom friend , Termination of medical practice

When the hospital is booming , She met zhaoyuanren, who was lecturing at Tsinghua University , They got married after a year of love . at that time , There was no wedding banquet for the marriage of yangbuwei and zhaoyuanren , Confiscation of gift money , Only two relatives and friends, including Hu Shi, were married , This approach is very avantgarde . After marriage, yangbuwei quit his job in the hospital , She went to the United States with her husband zhaoyuanren , My dream of becoming a doctor has come to an end . But her married life with zhaoyuanren , She wrote it into another memoir 《 Miscellaneous notes of the Zhao family 》 In .

《 A woman's autobiography 》 The quotes

  1. Long before the Wuchang Uprising broke out , Yangbuwei has heard liyuanhong say in front of the Yang family , The Qing Dynasty was extremely corrupt , It's time to die .
  2. She volunteered to go to a western style school , Deliberately drinking and playing with boys and girls , The purpose is to make my aunt , That is, the future mother-in-law can have a bad comment on her , I don't think she is suitable to be a virtuous daughter-in-law .
  3. A sense of destiny , Once the consciousness of heaven has taken root and sprouted, it is my destiny , Just grow up day by day , Finally, he helped yangbuwei escape from the control of his fate .
  4. When Yang Buwei took office , Just tell Bai Wenwei's father , Just be a good chairman , You can't meddle in all the school affairs .
  5. Maybe , Even in the heart of such a self-improvement and independent new woman , There is still a deep-rooted dream of a little woman who loves her husband and teaches her children .

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