Do you have the habit of reading Douban score before choosing books ？ If the answer is yes , Then you probably won't miss the book , Occupy Douban popular management books all year round Top1《 The Effective Executive 》.
To me, , A classic book takes a whole day to take notes , Read word for word . In the publication of this book 55 Anniversary , I finally seized the opportunity , Opened the best edition ever 《 The Effective Executive （55 Anniversary new translation ）》. author Peter · Drucker Mr. has stressed many times , This book is not only suitable for senior managers of a company , It doesn't mean what they should do . The audience of this book is everyone who needs to pass Effective management to improve personal work efficiency and output Knowledge worker .
In today's society , The proportion of knowledge workers is getting higher and higher , We are gradually moving towards a knowledge-based society . Liu run is 《 The underlying logic 》 A book points out that , The past society was a human society , It depends on relationships , Today's society is a knowledge-based society , Rely on rules and regulations .
So if you want to be effective , Knowledge workers must learn how to manage themselves . Manage your time and work , Productive output , Realize personal and Organizational 、 The value of society . Before achieving fruitful results , We need to know first , What's the reason why we can't spontaneous “ fruitful ”.
The internal and external relations of an organization are a topic that everyone can't get around . Mr Drucker pointed out that , Real work results only come from outside the organization . However, we spend a lot of time every day on work within the organization .
such as , The profit of an enterprise comes from a service to customers , The customer pays the bill , The output of the enterprise is effective , To generate profits . This is the result of external production . however , In order to provide this service to customers , It is necessary to coordinate various departments in the enterprise or multiple members in the same department , These are the work within the organization .
The higher the manager is at the inner level of the organization , The more likely attention is to be occupied by internal problems , thus No time for more important things that happen outside the organization . These are objective , The situation that managers must not get around .
Mr. Drucker dissected some of the problems , These are what managers may encounter in the process of achieving fruitful results . As an ordinary person , I can't help asking ： Can you really learn to be effective ？
Being effective is certainly not a gift , It's not like painting 、 poetry 、 Like writing , It only exists in a few people who are born with potential . Effectiveness does not only exist in all talents , There are few elites and generalists in the world , If success is only the privilege of all talents , Then Mr. Drucker doesn't have to write a book to explain , This book will not sell well in hundreds of countries for decades .
Being effective is more like a habit , yes Through deliberate practice, you can master Of . Maybe some people are extroverted , Some people are introverted , Some people pay attention to logic , Some people rely on feeling . But none of this will prevent you from becoming a productive person . Each of us can according to our own Work style 、 Personality traits To develop their own effective way of working .
that , How to learn “ fruitful ” Well ？ How to cultivate “ fruitful ” What about your work habits ？ Drucker talked about five aspects .
01 First, it's a matter of time , Effective managers must Systematically manage your controllable time . People used to say , What the poor lack is money , What the rich lack is time . In today's rapidly changing era , Time has become the most scarce resource for everyone . Food can be grown , Livestock can be raised , product , Capital can also grow . Only time is limited 、 Unique , Not reproducible .
When Drucker wrote this book , People's way of life is still different from now . Most of the time he mentioned was wasted on ineffective work . Now people waste their time not only at work , We are wrapped in a lot of information every day , Time is becoming increasingly fragmented . A lot of times , We want to use up every fragment because we want to save time , In the end, I found that the lack of systematic thinking makes a lot of work lack of practical results .
Because you have to deal with complex and diverse work , We must be more effective in time management . Effective managers set aside the right amount of time to deal with the most important work , To achieve the output of key work .
We should clearly understand where we spend our time every day , So as to estimate how much time is really available . Mr Drucker mentioned a simple way , Is to record your time .
02 secondly , Effective knowledge workers focus more on achieving results , They focus on what they can produce, not just the work itself .
Knowledge workers will get a sense of achievement by completing some challenging work . Knowledge workers must be growth oriented , Think about personal growth and organizational goals together . Think about what I can contribute to a project ？ Explore your potential at work . If you don't even know what you want to achieve , It must be difficult to achieve results , Only day after day “ To move the brick ”, You can't find a sense of achievement and inspire your potential .
03 Third , Effective managers are good at exploring their strengths , Make your work more effective by giving full play to your advantages .
Each of us has a wide range of interests , But there are few omnipotent geniuses . Most of the work is inseparable from the organization , Everyone in the organization will have their own personality and expertise . The manager will arrange the corresponding work according to the employee's specialty , Make it play a corresponding role . Knowledge workers who are new to the workplace will also choose the right field and work according to their specialties .
So how to develop strengths and avoid weaknesses , It's something we all have to think about . By understanding your habits , Face your true self , Give play to advantages and strengths .
04 Fourth , To be effective , We must grasp the key work .
The fact proved that , When you find your priorities , The work of the whole team will become effective . And when you focus your most important energy on these tasks , The output of these jobs will also be greater . Grasp the main contradiction among many contradictions , After solving the main contradiction, we can solve the secondary contradiction , Things can be broken one by one .
05 Last , Effective managers learn how to make the right decisions .
We make a lot of decisions every day , But important decisions don't account for a large proportion . The key to an important decision is not the decision itself , But how to implement the decision , So we will spend a long time making decisions , Thinking about the next step after decision-making .
A decision involves the most factors , Have the greatest impact , It becomes the most important part for us to sort out and think . Decision making is actually a kind of prediction and judgment of the unknown , But the prediction cannot be 100% accurate , Therefore, this deduction process is accompanied by changes and adjustments .
Mr. Drucker emphasized a very important point , It is easy for many of us to miss in decision-making . Sometimes it is also deliberately avoided because of difficulties , That is “ Integrate the actions required to implement the decision into the decision ”. If you don't think about it , Decisions can have very serious consequences , The possible outcome is very different from the original intention of the decision .
Considering all kinds of problems that may be encountered in the implementation process , We should also establish a good “ feedback ”, Mr Drucker refers to feedback , It's not just feedback after the decision results , And the feedback you get before you make a decision or from a survey . Through this feedback, we can avoid risks to a certain extent , To open your mind , Explore more options .
In the future social development , The proportion of knowledge workers will only be higher and higher . So effective , It will become the goal that each of us must pursue . Success must be learned , It is also a necessary condition for self-development .
If this book 《 The Effective Executive 》 And dust your bookshelf , It's time to dust off and study it carefully on your desk , It may take you days or even months , But what I can be sure of is , It will help and influence you for years or even a lifetime .
Ben The content of the article is 《 The Effective Executive （55 Anniversary new translation ）》 Book review , From Xu Qingping, editor of China Machine Press
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