Deep dry goods ： How to establish your own knowledge context through reading ？
Mrs. Qian Zhongshu and Mr. Yang Jiang are working for 《 Qian Zhongshu manuscript collection 》 Write sequence time , It explains the reason why Qian Zhongshu has an excellent memory ：
“ He's just good at reading , Willing to work hard , Not only reading , And take notes . Not just once or twice , And read it three or four times , Keep adding notes . Every time he read a Book , Make a reading note , It takes twice as long to take notes as to read , Re reading 、 Make notes , So four times , No matter how many books you have read , It's not easy to forget .”
From Mr. Yang Jiang's words , We can see the importance of reading notes . As one of the ways to acquire knowledge , The meaning of reading is needless to say , But if you want to have a solid harvest after reading , You need to write and read skillfully , And develop long-term habits , To build their own knowledge system .
Reading system methods include
“ Book selection 、 read 、 Record 、 application ”
A process ：
1、 How to choose books ：
How to establish your own knowledge context through books ？
Note taking tool ： Mind mapping knowledge library
Personal reading manual
2、 How to read ：
What are the reading steps ？ How to disassemble the reading content through reading notes ？
Note taking tool ： Three color note taking
Label note taking
3、 How to record ：
Take reading notes from shallow to deep ？ What are the different ways ？
Note taking tool ： One page script reading method
How to apply ：
How to translate into mobile applications 、 Share ？
Method ： Jump out of the anxiety of reading
Article reading notes
Personal reading sharing meeting
One 、 How to choose books ： How to establish your own knowledge learning context through books ？
The era of information explosion , A large number of books are published every day , Books are endless , There must be classification and selection . From different purposes , Books can be divided into three categories ：
The first category
Professional skills and knowledge ：
Enhance the competitiveness of personal development , Including the knowledge needed in the workplace , Such as marketing knowledge 、 Industry knowledge 、 Product operation, etc .
The second category
Personal thinking quality ：
Improve personal cognition and thinking ability , For example, learn to ask questions 、 Way of thinking 、 psychology 、 Emotional intelligence, etc .
The third category
Interests and hobbies: exploration ：
What you are interested in learning , Daily reading as leisure , Like poetry 、 prose 、 A novel 、 profound thought , Study anything you want or want .
Some people read only on their own interests , Read a book today , Read another irrelevant field tomorrow , This scattered reading method , The advantage is to expand the vision of different fields , But the disadvantage is that reading and knowledge accumulation are not systematic .
These three categories are not fixed , Everyone's situation and knowledge structure are different . such as , For some people , Reading poetry 、 Prose is a leisure interest , However, copywriters can be classified as improving their professional quality , Draw inspiration and nutrients from poetry and beautiful articles , Used to create new product copywriting .
Starting from different reading purposes , The selected bibliography is different . Choose a book with a center , Only when there is a center can there be a systematic organization , This center can be personal knowledge improvement around a theme , Or solve a problem , Or personal interest exploration ：
） Choose books around a theme ：
When you have no knowledge of a field , You can read around this topic , use
“ shallow — deep — wide ” My reading path , That is, popular introductory books — Professional theory books — Books with different views .
、 First step , Choose popular books ：
This kind of book is easy to understand , Read these books quickly , Help yourself form a general understanding of this field . If you choose a deeper theoretical monograph at the beginning , It is likely to be baffled and give up . such as , Take new media operation as an example , Start with a best-selling book about the operation of new media .
、 The second step , Choose professional theory books in this field ：
Choose textbooks in this field , such as , Professional theory books of new media 《 Interpersonal communication course 》. This kind of book is usually thicker , Have theoretical support and practice , It takes more time to read . by means of , You will have a systematic understanding of the methods in this field , The knowledge framework of this field can be established .
If we use the tree of knowledge as a metaphor , The knowledge framework you build is like the branches of a tree , After that, all learning can be incorporated into this knowledge branch , Create your own fruit .
、 The third step , Choose books with different views ：
here we are
The third stage , You can read a wide range of different works in this field . After the first 、 Two steps , You have a systematic understanding of the knowledge and methods of the whole field , The third stage of the reading club is very fast , Because books in the same field are similar , You've read a lot before , You should pay attention to the content of different views , Whether it can bring new inspiration to the original knowledge system , Bring you new ideas and ideas ？
） Problem centered book selection
I have a question to study , Then choose relevant books to read . meanwhile , Collect opinions from different people on this issue , For yourself to think and analyze , Draw a conclusion .
One side ,
When you want an answer ,
Look for answers from books
Starting from the problem
To learn and explore
, Become a problem solver . Even if reading takes more time , but
You can learn the whole 、 Contextual
Just listen to
The answers to the fragments said by others are more complete .
On the other hand , A book selection centered on a subject or problem , You can ask professionals in this field to recommend relevant books , This will help you find the right book quickly , You can also check the list of books in this field , Select the reading list . If you have an expert or idol who wants to learn , Or from his reading list , The spark of wisdom .
When you read too much , Build your own knowledge context ,
Get back the right to answer questions and life ,
Confidence and confidence
Arise spontaneously .
） Note taking tool ： Mind mapping knowledge library and personal reading manual
Choosing books and
Build your own knowledge context
In the process , You can use two note taking tools ：
、 Note taking tool 1 ： Mind mapping knowledge library
You can use mind mapping , Build your own knowledge library ： according to
“ Professional skills and knowledge 、 Personal thinking quality 、 Personal interests ” As a general category , List the books you plan to read .
such as , My mind mapping knowledge library
Professional skills and knowledge （ Branch theme ）, To subdivide
A reading sub topic ：
Curriculum development 、 Marketing Management 、 Product operation 、 Community operation 、 Copywriting
Personal thinking accomplishment （ Branch theme ）, To subdivide
A reading sub topic ：
The way of thinking 、 Reading methods 、 psychology
Interests and hobbies: exploration （ Branch theme ）, To subdivide
A reading sub topic ：
Biographical Philosophy 、 Personal management
Tool two ： Personal reading manual
You can create a personal reading manual , Register every book you buy , Because many people buy on impulse , It takes a long time to buy or buy too much , I forgot . I suggest you focus on
Make a table to sort out ： Time 、 Title
author 、 Reading objectives 、 Reading time 、 Harvest
new acquaintance 、 application
Output 、 classified
When buying books
, Register the purchase time 、 name , author , What learning goals do you want to achieve when you buy this book ？
Finish reading ,
Write about your gains and where they can be applied , What kind of new knowledge , How long does it take , What kind of application output has been made , And for books 、 Reading notes and other relevant materials shall be classified and stored . Such a carding , Choose your own books 、 The process of reading is clear at a glance .
Two 、 How to read ： What are the reading steps ？ How to disassemble the reading content through reading notes ？
The reading process is divided into pre 、 in 、 The last three stages , Choose appropriate tools at different stages to help us read 、 understand 、 memory ：
Read early and middle ：
Color note taking 、 Tricolor labeling
Late reading ：
Mind mapping 、 Card notes 、 Article notes
） Four color note taking
、 Buy black, red, blue and green four color pen ：
black ： Record things that don't need special memory , For normal writing .
Red ： Record important knowledge points .
Blue ： Records can be used as cases 、 The content of the story
yellow ： Record brings new inspiration 、 A perspective .
、 Buy red, blue and yellow labels and stick them on the corners of the book as a reminder , It is convenient for later reading and quick search ：
Red ： Prompt important knowledge points
Blue ： Prompt case 、 The story
yellow ： Prompt new inspiration 、 A new view
Read important content
It can be used
Draw a picture. 、 Mark or circle key words and sentences , And in
Write down the key words of this part , Stick it at the foot of the page .
Read good cases 、 Story or content that can be used as writing material
, Use the whole paragraph
Number , Write... Next to the content
“ material ” Two words , It can also be in
Write down the key words of this part , Stick it at the foot of the page of the book .
Read what brings new inspiration and new perspectives
It can be used
Draw , At the same time
Write down the key words of this part , Stick it at the foot of the page .
Four color note taking
Three color labeling method
Classified records , Reading now classifies knowledge
Facilitate subsequent rereading and data search ,
A substantial increase
Knowledge processing efficiency .
Strengthen reading efficiency ,
Only with 「
3、 ... and
Red 、 yellow 、 Just blue , Don't turn your notes into colorful neon lights ,
Too many colors and confusion , It's not easy to recognize .
） A page of paper
Script reading , Solve the problem of not reading 、 A stubborn disease I can't remember
Have you ever had such an experience ？ After reading a Book , Have a boiling passion , But after a while , When you need this content , I feel a mess in my head , Think firmly remember the knowledge , But it can't be used flexibly , This is actually related to not taking good reading notes .
Miss Peng Xiaoliu is 《 Onion reading 》 This paper introduces a framework of reading notes
— Jiugongge notes . The framework helps us learn more knowledge in an orderly way , The framework of Jiugong grid can effectively sort out the main points and ideas in the book . My reading method is to treat reading as a process of script creation , Inspired by the Jiugong notes , I combine the idea of script creation with the framework of Jiugongge , be called
“ Script reading ”
It's no use learning by rote , Everyone loves reading stories , Because it's more interesting , We can imagine ourselves as the creator of a story or script , Read and record from the perspective of the Creator . From the perspective of script creation , hold
“ Script reading ” The process is divided into
Preview planning in advance ,
Set the beginning of the script
Write down the script
Summarize the end of the script
、 First step , Preview planning in advance （ Understand the whole ）：
Before reading , First check the directory 、 preface 、 Postscript , You can understand the overall overview of the book , then
Is this book suitable for your reading purpose ？ To what extent does this book need to be understood , It's just to flip through and find the information you need , Read it carefully from beginning to end ？ Which part , You're interested ？ Plan how much time it will take to achieve your reading goals ？
In the age of information deluge , Reading should learn to choose .
If you judge that this book does not meet your reading goals , Give up... Decisively . If meet , Go to the next link of reading and notes , Don't waste time
Step , Set the beginning of the script
The goal is , key word ）：
, To set goals ,
What purpose do you hope to achieve by reading this book , What problems or puzzles do you have to solve ？
In the process of reading ,
You can think about ： If you are a creator in this field , How will knowledge content be presented ？
Record knowledge points methodically
After reading ,
To systematically output their own summary and thinking .
Write in the upper left corner of the form
Title and questions
The goal is （ Before starting a detailed reading ）
“ problem ” yes
By reading a book or
“ problem ” The settings should be very specific . As you search the Internet for information , If the input keywords are vague , It's hard
Find what you want .
The goal is
After reading the book , expect
What kind of results have been achieved , Or gain some knowledge
The goal is , Never had a purpose 、
read , Become a target
Active reading . When you have a clear goal
“ radar ” It opens. , Improve reading efficiency .
Write... On the right side of the table
The key words in the book
Minute quick browsing
“ problem ” Is to receive the required information “ The wizard ”
To improve reception , We need to find the key words in the book , You will be able to get closer to the information you need
. In the process , You have to look through the catalogue first
Browse the outline ,
have a look
Which part helps solve the problem ,
What can be skimmed
Is not important
Then quickly browse the text , While looking for and
“ problem ” Related keywords , and
Write it on the right side of the form .
meanwhile , You can read quickly at the same time , At the same time, we should corner the page that we think is valuable , It's convenient to come back and read carefully .
Quick flip through ,
Avoid burying your head in reading ,
Limit your time to
Find the key words in the book and
Preview through the first step ,
You know the frame of this book , Knowing what you need most may be in the chapters , Which part needs to be read , Which places can be turned over .
Pass the first
Write down the questions 、 key word
, You made a on the content
My own thinking
, Write like a creator
The goal of creation 、 Problem solving and creation
The brain is easier to understand and accept familiar things , In the above two processes , It's equivalent to collecting some information in advance , Let the brain know the main content of this book 、 thought 、 Familiar with the architecture , When you read later , Enhance the ability to digest and disassemble knowledge .
3、 ... and
Step , Write down the script
Lattice knowledge points （ Start reading in detail ）
In the table
In the book
In the process of reading , You can think about ： If you are a creator in this field , How will knowledge content be presented
Want to have
meanwhile , You can use a combination of
Four color note taking method and three color label method
, Mark in the book , And mark the page numbers of important contents in the table , Reread after convenience , Quickly find what you need .
Step , Summarize the end of the script
Point harvest and Application
action （ After reading ）
At the bottom right of the table , Summarize and refine the three gains of this book , And write down your intention to
In the book
Where does knowledge apply , or
Inspired by the book ,
Intend to take
Reading skills need a slow to fast , From fast to slow
From slow to fast means
At first, because I read less books , Reading
Not efficient ,
You revolve around a theme
a large number of
Gradually form yourself
The cognitive framework of this theme
In the late
You will find the same theme
It's all about the same thing , And the front
comparison , New books may
New knowledge of , this
The reading speed will be very fast .
From fast to slow
refer to ：
When you have roughly finished reading books in this field ,
You can slow down your reading , Repeated research
The subject matter ,
Output your own summary of this field 、 Ideas and innovations .
3、 ... and 、 How to record ： How to make reading notes from simple to deep ？ What are the different ways ？
Take notes , You can clearly see the context and content of the whole book with one page of paper , If there are some in the book
Model or detailed content , What to do with
Or we are reading wechat articles everyday
How to record good knowledge points ？
Extract the essence of knowledge , Cards can be used
For recording , You can also use paper cards . Script reading
It can be said to be the relationship between the whole and the part , You can choose to use... According to your own needs
When I'm flipping through books , Judge the amount of information in the book , Make tool selection ：
、 Medium amount of information
Paper can be written down , I will use script reading note format to record .
、 A lot of information , And there are many knowledge points that need to be recorded ：
I can use cards to take notes , especially
See the golden sentence 、 Model 、 principle
Three kinds of knowledge
Record with card
Easy to classify and regroup .
、 If you want to see the framework of the book at a glance ：
You can use the mind mapping notes described earlier , Sort out the context of the book .
Clarify the context of knowledge in the book through note taking tools , Comb and
There are several knowledge points in the book ,
How did you get
Draw a conclusion
What is the logic behind
What is the connection between knowledge points ？
Tools are for people , But tools cannot replace human thinking ,
The important thing is for you to use , Choose a method suitable for the current scene , Your thinking 、 Series connection and application
Four 、 How to apply ： How to translate into mobile application sharing ？
The common problem of knowledge anxiety in recent years ： Knowledge products that can't stop buying ,
Buy a lot of books and
, Or a pile of e-books 、 Mind mapping 、 The electronic card didn't look , Just because you see others recommend 、 forward , I don't feel like hoarding it , You'll miss something .
See others read a hundred books in half a year , I didn't do it myself , anxious ！
See the mind map made by others 、 The electronic card is so beautiful , I didn't do it myself , anxious ！
Or how many books have you read while busy printing pictures in your circle of friends , How many notes did you take 、 card 、 Mind mapping , Hope to be appreciated by others .
In this way, the way of reading falls into comparison with others 、 In a cycle of anxiety that requires approval from others , If one
The pursuit of reading speed
Or the beauty of the note display , We need to think about whether there is
I feel like I'm
Is not good enough
Read a lot of books
Or gain the appreciation of others
To prove myself
, Increase confidence
） How to jump out of the anxiety of reading
、 Think from the creator's perspective
Please concentrate on 、 Focus on yourself , Not external evaluation .
The harvest of reading is not in how much 、 How fast to measure , The most important thing is to gain one or two new perspectives on the world from a Book 、 New inspiration 、 New knowledge .
As mentioned in the script reading method above , Can you think from the creator's point of view ： Where is this book well written , Where can't write well ？ What knowledge of this book can supplement your knowledge system ？ If you are a creator in this field , How will this type of knowledge content be presented ？
What should we focus on in reading
Bring new changes to your original knowledge system , Give you new ideas and ideas , This book and you
What's the relationship between life and work , What impact and harvest has it had on your life . If not , constantly
Do not read , Or it's useless to read
Hoarding knowledge .
、 Turn knowledge into action
Reading without thinking is meaningless , Study 、 reflection 、 Action should take up one-third of the time . The most important thing in reading is to think about the contents of the book , The lines , And make full use of it in your life and work . Think clearly before reading , What should I do , What is the lack of knowledge and ability at this stage , Then read the topic pertinently 、 Solve problems or be interested in reading .
Turn the knowledge of reading into action , Will be in
“ read ” In the process of , Put the knowledge and ideas in the book , Think with yourself 、 To live and work , Repeat the comparison 、 analysis , Finally, after induction 、 summary 、 Translate into your own action strategy or create new integration .
If not from the perspective of the Creator , I don't know what this book has to do with myself , Just swallowing , Indigestion
Read more 、 No matter how fast, just fill your anxiety . If you don't build your own knowledge structure , Do not internalize the knowledge you read into your own ,
Create your own thoughts and works , That's a waste of precious time , But did not grow their own tree of knowledge .
When you become a Creator , Life is full of books , The advertisements you see are copybooks that you can learn , Seeing a good movie can be a wonderful novel , Observing the operation of a bakery can be a business book , Everything around is the content of learning , Learn by yourself 、 reflection 、 Actions are connected in series .
） Article reading notes
When we read better books , Bring yourself some ideas and inspiration , You can write an article like reading note or make a reading sharing meeting , Create, share and spread value . Write good article reading notes .
Teacher Liu Feng once said ：
“ What I did , The lecture , Not at the tip of a bull's horn . I'm telling myself , Because I want to let myself constantly understand these things . Why do I always say before I say , The speaker is the biggest beneficiary , Because this occasion gave me a chance , Let me see so many projected pictures （ image ）, And constantly awaken my inner wisdom .”
When you write a wonderful article style Reading Note , Then make according to the content
, It can be used as a personal reading sharing meeting .
When you can put a
The main points of this book
Listen to others
, It's actually
Get to know the book ,
You'll find that
There is no clear understanding . In the process of talking about interaction , You will hear feedback and
put questions to
, Help you continue to improve
The fact that knowledge is interrelated , The essence of effective learning is to understand and create relevance . Note taking will help clarify the connection between brain ideas and knowledge , How to use notes to improve personal growth ？
On Sunday, （4 month 17 Japan ） On the evening of 9：00-10：00, I will be in the hall of knowledge APP Of “ Round table discussion ” Let's get to the bottom of it ：2022 year , You must learn “ Efficient note taking magic ”. How to use notes , Build an efficient and practical personal growth system , Improve capability and efficiency , Achieve your goals in life , Create notes + The infinite possibilities of life ！
Partners involved in interaction , Will have the opportunity to obtain 《 Effective note taking for a lifetime 》 Oh ,
In the book
Share the system 6 Big note taking methods and 28 A practical tool for you ：
On Sunday, （
Japan ） On the evening of 9：00-10：00,
“ Round table discussion ”
I'm looking forward to your participation ^-^