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Deep dry goods: how to establish your own knowledge context through reading?

2022-04-19 19:49:51 Knowledge hall

Deep dry goods : How to establish your own knowledge context through reading ?
 
The crystal
 
Mrs. Qian Zhongshu and Mr. Yang Jiang are working for 《 Qian Zhongshu manuscript collection 》 Write sequence time , It explains the reason why Qian Zhongshu has an excellent memory : “ He's just good at reading , Willing to work hard , Not only reading , And take notes . Not just once or twice , And read it three or four times , Keep adding notes . Every time he read a Book , Make a reading note , It takes twice as long to take notes as to read , Re reading 、 Make notes , So four times , No matter how many books you have read , It's not easy to forget .”
 
From Mr. Yang Jiang's words , We can see the importance of reading notes . As one of the ways to acquire knowledge , The meaning of reading is needless to say , But if you want to have a solid harvest after reading , You need to write and read skillfully , And develop long-term habits , To build their own knowledge system .
 
Reading system methods include “ Book selection 、 read 、 Record 、 application ” 4 A process :
 
1、 How to choose books : How to establish your own knowledge context through books ?
Note taking tool : Mind mapping knowledge library & Personal reading manual
 
2、 How to read : What are the reading steps ? How to disassemble the reading content through reading notes ?
Note taking tool : Three color note taking & Label note taking
 
3、 How to record : How to Take reading notes from shallow to deep ? What are the different ways ?
Note taking tool : One page script reading method & Mind mapping & Card notes
 
How to apply : How to translate into mobile applications 、 Share ?
Method : Jump out of the anxiety of reading & Article reading notes & Personal reading sharing meeting
 
One 、 How to choose books : How to establish your own knowledge learning context through books ?
 
The era of information explosion , A large number of books are published every day , Books are endless , There must be classification and selection . From different purposes , Books can be divided into three categories :
 
The first category Professional skills and knowledge : Enhance the competitiveness of personal development , Including the knowledge needed in the workplace , Such as marketing knowledge 、 Industry knowledge 、 Product operation, etc .
 
The second category Personal thinking quality : Improve personal cognition and thinking ability , For example, learn to ask questions 、 Way of thinking 、 psychology 、 Emotional intelligence, etc .
 
The third category Interests and hobbies: exploration : What you are interested in learning , Daily reading as leisure , Like poetry 、 prose 、 A novel 、 profound thought , Study anything you want or want .
 
Some people read only on their own interests , Read a book today , Read another irrelevant field tomorrow , This scattered reading method , The advantage is to expand the vision of different fields , But the disadvantage is that reading and knowledge accumulation are not systematic . 
 
These three categories are not fixed , Everyone's situation and knowledge structure are different . such as , For some people , Reading poetry 、 Prose is a leisure interest , However, copywriters can be classified as improving their professional quality , Draw inspiration and nutrients from poetry and beautiful articles , Used to create new product copywriting .
 
Starting from different reading purposes , The selected bibliography is different . Choose a book with a center , Only when there is a center can there be a systematic organization , This center can be personal knowledge improvement around a theme , Or solve a problem , Or personal interest exploration :
 
1 ) Choose books around a theme :
 
When you have no knowledge of a field , You can read around this topic , use “ shallow — deep — wide ” My reading path , That is, popular introductory books — Professional theory books — Books with different views .
 
1 、 First step , Choose popular books : This kind of book is easy to understand , Read these books quickly , Help yourself form a general understanding of this field . If you choose a deeper theoretical monograph at the beginning , It is likely to be baffled and give up . such as , Take new media operation as an example , Start with a best-selling book about the operation of new media .
 
3 、 The second step , Choose professional theory books in this field : Choose textbooks in this field , such as , Professional theory books of new media 《 Interpersonal communication course 》. This kind of book is usually thicker , Have theoretical support and practice , It takes more time to read . by means of , You will have a systematic understanding of the methods in this field , The knowledge framework of this field can be established .
 
If we use the tree of knowledge as a metaphor , The knowledge framework you build is like the branches of a tree , After that, all learning can be incorporated into this knowledge branch , Create your own fruit .
 
3 、 The third step , Choose books with different views : here we are The third stage , You can read a wide range of different works in this field . After the first 、 Two steps , You have a systematic understanding of the knowledge and methods of the whole field , The third stage of the reading club is very fast , Because books in the same field are similar , You've read a lot before , You should pay attention to the content of different views , Whether it can bring new inspiration to the original knowledge system , Bring you new ideas and ideas ?
 
2 ) Problem centered book selection
 
I have a question to study , Then choose relevant books to read . meanwhile , Collect opinions from different people on this issue , For yourself to think and analyze , Draw a conclusion .
 
One side , Happen when problem When you want an answer , We can Look for answers from books , Starting from the problem To learn and explore , Become a problem solver . Even if reading takes more time , but own You can learn the whole 、 Contextual knowledge , than Just listen to The answers to the fragments said by others are more complete .
 
On the other hand , A book selection centered on a subject or problem , You can ask professionals in this field to recommend relevant books , This will help you find the right book quickly , You can also check the list of books in this field , Select the reading list . If you have an expert or idol who wants to learn , Or from his reading list , The spark of wisdom .
 
When you read too much , Build your own knowledge context , Get back the right to answer questions and life , Confidence and confidence also Meeting Arise spontaneously .
 
3 ) Note taking tool : Mind mapping knowledge library and personal reading manual
 
Choosing books and Build your own knowledge context In the process , You can use two note taking tools :
 
1 、 Note taking tool 1 : Mind mapping knowledge library
 
You can use mind mapping , Build your own knowledge library : according to “ Professional skills and knowledge 、 Personal thinking quality 、 Personal interests ” As a general category , List the books you plan to read .
 
such as , My mind mapping knowledge library :

Professional skills and knowledge ( Branch theme ), To subdivide 5 A reading sub topic : Curriculum development 、 Marketing Management 、 Product operation 、 Community operation 、 Copywriting
 
Personal thinking accomplishment ( Branch theme ), To subdivide 3 A reading sub topic : The way of thinking 、 Reading methods 、 psychology
 
Interests and hobbies: exploration ( Branch theme ), To subdivide 2 A reading sub topic : Biographical Philosophy 、 Personal management
2 、 note Tool two : Personal reading manual
 
You can create a personal reading manual , Register every book you buy , Because many people buy on impulse , It takes a long time to buy or buy too much , I forgot . I suggest you focus on 7 Make a table to sort out : Time 、 Title & author 、 Reading objectives 、 Reading time 、 Harvest & new acquaintance 、 application & Output 、 classified & Deposit .
 
When buying books , Register the purchase time 、 name , author , What learning goals do you want to achieve when you buy this book ? Finish reading , Write about your gains and where they can be applied , What kind of new knowledge , How long does it take , What kind of application output has been made , And for books 、 Reading notes and other relevant materials shall be classified and stored . Such a carding , Choose your own books 、 The process of reading is clear at a glance .
 
Two 、 How to read : What are the reading steps ? How to disassemble the reading content through reading notes ?
 
The reading process is divided into pre 、 in 、 The last three stages , Choose appropriate tools at different stages to help us read 、 understand 、 memory :
 
Read early and middle : Use four Color note taking 、 Tricolor labeling

Late reading : Use Mind mapping 、 Card notes 、 Article notes
 
1 ) Four color note taking & Tricolor labeling

1 、 Buy black, red, blue and green four color pen :
 
black : Record things that don't need special memory , For normal writing .
Red : Record important knowledge points .
Blue : Records can be used as cases 、 The content of the story
yellow : Record brings new inspiration 、 A perspective .
 
2 、 Buy red, blue and yellow labels and stick them on the corners of the book as a reminder , It is convenient for later reading and quick search :
 
Red : Prompt important knowledge points
Blue : Prompt case 、 The story
yellow : Prompt new inspiration 、 A new view
Read important content It can be used Red pen Draw a picture. 、 Mark or circle key words and sentences , And in Red Label Write down the key words of this part , Stick it at the foot of the page .
 
Read good cases 、 Story or content that can be used as writing material , Use the whole paragraph Blue pen Mark “()” Tricolor labeling Number , Write... Next to the content “ material ” Two words , It can also be in blue label Write down the key words of this part , Stick it at the foot of the page of the book .
 
Read what brings new inspiration and new perspectives It can be used Yellow pen Draw , At the same time Yellow label Write down the key words of this part , Stick it at the foot of the page .
 
adopt Four color note taking & Three color labeling method Classified records , Reading now classifies knowledge , Facilitate subsequent rereading and data search , A substantial increase Knowledge processing efficiency . Use color Sure Strengthen reading efficiency , but Only with 「 3、 ... and color 」 Red 、 yellow 、 Just blue , Don't turn your notes into colorful neon lights , Too many colors and confusion , It's not easy to recognize .
2 ) A page of paper Script reading , Solve the problem of not reading 、 A stubborn disease I can't remember
 
Have you ever had such an experience ? After reading a Book , Have a boiling passion , But after a while , When you need this content , I feel a mess in my head , Think firmly remember the knowledge , But it can't be used flexibly , This is actually related to not taking good reading notes .
 
Miss Peng Xiaoliu is 《 Onion reading 》 This paper introduces a framework of reading notes — Jiugongge notes . The framework helps us learn more knowledge in an orderly way , The framework of Jiugong grid can effectively sort out the main points and ideas in the book . My reading method is to treat reading as a process of script creation , Inspired by the Jiugong notes , I combine the idea of script creation with the framework of Jiugongge , be called “ Script reading ”
 
It's no use learning by rote , Everyone loves reading stories , Because it's more interesting , We can imagine ourselves as the creator of a story or script , Read and record from the perspective of the Creator . From the perspective of script creation , hold “ Script reading ” The process is divided into 4 Step : Preview planning in advance , Set the beginning of the script , Write down the script , Summarize the end of the script

1 、 First step , Preview planning in advance ( Understand the whole ):
 
Before reading , First check the directory 、 preface 、 Postscript , You can understand the overall overview of the book , then Judge : Is this book suitable for your reading purpose ? To what extent does this book need to be understood , It's just to flip through and find the information you need , Read it carefully from beginning to end ? Which part , You're interested ? Plan how much time it will take to achieve your reading goals ?
 
In the age of information deluge , Reading should learn to choose . If you judge that this book does not meet your reading goals , Give up... Decisively . If meet , Go to the next link of reading and notes , Don't waste time .
 
2 The first Two Step , Set the beginning of the script Title , problem / The goal is , key word ):
 
stay detailed Before reading , To set goals , What purpose do you hope to achieve by reading this book , What problems or puzzles do you have to solve ?
 
In the process of reading , You can think about : If you are a creator in this field , How will knowledge content be presented ? purposeful 、 Record knowledge points methodically .
 
After reading , To systematically output their own summary and thinking .
 
Write in the upper left corner of the form Title and questions / The goal is ( Before starting a detailed reading )
 
“ problem ” yes hope By reading a book or Some Information , solve What specific problem “ problem ” The settings should be very specific . As you search the Internet for information , If the input keywords are vague , It's hard accurate Find what you want . The goal is yes After reading the book , expect What kind of results have been achieved , Or gain some knowledge
 
Set up Questions and The goal is , Never had a purpose 、 nothing Conscious passive read , Become a target clear Active reading . When you have a clear goal And questions , Cerebral “ radar ” It opens. , Improve reading efficiency .
 
Write... On the right side of the table The key words in the book 30 Minute quick browsing
 
“ problem ” Is to receive the required information “ The wizard ” , but To improve reception , We need to find the key words in the book , You will be able to get closer to the information you need a step . In the process , You have to look through the catalogue first , Browse the outline , have a look Which part helps solve the problem , What can be skimmed Is not important Content .
 
Then quickly browse the text , While looking for and “ problem ” Related keywords , and hold key word Write it on the right side of the form . meanwhile , You can read quickly at the same time , At the same time, we should corner the page that we think is valuable , It's convenient to come back and read carefully . Quick flip through , want Avoid burying your head in reading , Limit your time to 30 Within minutes , Find the key words in the book and Record Come down .
 
Preview through the first step , You know the frame of this book , Knowing what you need most may be in the chapters , Which part needs to be read , Which places can be turned over .
 
Pass the first Two Step Write down the questions 、 key word , You made a on the content My own thinking , Write like a creator The goal of creation 、 Problem solving and creation The key word .
 
The brain is easier to understand and accept familiar things , In the above two processes , It's equivalent to collecting some information in advance , Let the brain know the main content of this book 、 thought 、 Familiar with the architecture , When you read later , Enhance the ability to digest and disassemble knowledge .
 
3 The first 3、 ... and Step , Write down the script 9 Lattice knowledge points ( Start reading in detail )
 
While reading In the table write down In the book , You feel Important 9 A knowledge . In the process of reading , You can think about : If you are a creator in this field , How will knowledge content be presented , Want to have Consciously Questioning own . meanwhile , You can use a combination of Four color note taking method and three color label method , Mark in the book , And mark the page numbers of important contents in the table , Reread after convenience , Quickly find what you need .
 
4 The first Four Step , Summarize the end of the script 3 Point harvest and Application / action ( After reading )
 
At the bottom right of the table , Summarize and refine the three gains of this book , And write down your intention to In the book Where does knowledge apply , or Inspired by the book , Intend to take what action ?
 
Reading skills need a slow to fast , From fast to slow
 
From slow to fast means At first, because I read less books , Reading speed Degree and Knowledge processing Not efficient , When You revolve around a theme a large number of Reading accumulation , Gradually form yourself The cognitive framework of this theme . In the late , You will find the same theme Books It's all about the same thing , And the front Of book comparison , New books may Only 10%-20% New knowledge of , this The reading speed will be very fast .
 
From fast to slow refer to : When you have roughly finished reading books in this field , You can slow down your reading , Repeated research Read the Classic books , Study deeply this The subject matter , Output your own summary of this field 、 Ideas and innovations .
 
3、 ... and 、 How to record : How to make reading notes from simple to deep ? What are the different ways ?
 
adopt Script reading Conduct read Take notes , You can clearly see the context and content of the whole book with one page of paper , If there are some in the book important Model or detailed content , What to do with Or we are reading wechat articles everyday , notice How to record good knowledge points ?
 
We can Use the 6 Chaste card Note taking Extract the essence of knowledge , Cards can be used PPT For recording , You can also use paper cards . Script reading Notes and card note It can be said to be the relationship between the whole and the part , You can choose to use... According to your own needs .
 
I When I'm flipping through books , Judge the amount of information in the book , Make tool selection :
 
1 、 Medium amount of information a sheet A4 Paper can be written down , I will use script reading note format to record .
 
2 、 A lot of information , And there are many knowledge points that need to be recorded : I can use cards to take notes , especially See the golden sentence 、 Model 、 principle this Three kinds of knowledge , I Meeting special Record with card , Easy to classify and regroup .

3 、 If you want to see the framework of the book at a glance : You can use the mind mapping notes described earlier , Sort out the context of the book .
Clarify the context of knowledge in the book through note taking tools , Comb and reflection There are several knowledge points in the book , How did you get Draw a conclusion What is the logic behind , Different What is the connection between knowledge points ? Tools are for people , But tools cannot replace human thinking , The important thing is for you to use , Choose a method suitable for the current scene , Your thinking 、 Series connection and application only yes important .
 
Four 、 How to apply : How to translate into mobile application sharing ?
 
The common problem of knowledge anxiety in recent years : Knowledge products that can't stop buying , Buy a lot of books and very Read less , Or a pile of e-books 、 Mind mapping 、 The electronic card didn't look , Just because you see others recommend 、 forward , I don't feel like hoarding it , You'll miss something .
 
See others read a hundred books in half a year , I didn't do it myself , anxious !
 
See the mind map made by others 、 The electronic card is so beautiful , I didn't do it myself , anxious !
 
Or how many books have you read while busy printing pictures in your circle of friends , How many notes did you take 、 card 、 Mind mapping , Hope to be appreciated by others .
 
In this way, the way of reading falls into comparison with others 、 In a cycle of anxiety that requires approval from others , If one The pursuit of reading speed Or the beauty of the note display , We need to think about whether there is I feel like I'm Is not good enough , By showing Read a lot of books Or gain the appreciation of others To prove myself , Increase confidence .
 
1 ) How to jump out of the anxiety of reading
 
1 、 Think from the creator's perspective
 
Please concentrate on 、 Focus on yourself , Not external evaluation . The harvest of reading is not in how much 、 How fast to measure , The most important thing is to gain one or two new perspectives on the world from a Book 、 New inspiration 、 New knowledge .
 
As mentioned in the script reading method above , Can you think from the creator's point of view : Where is this book well written , Where can't write well ? What knowledge of this book can supplement your knowledge system ? If you are a creator in this field , How will this type of knowledge content be presented ?
 
What should we focus on in reading Meeting Bring new changes to your original knowledge system , Give you new ideas and ideas , This book and you Of What's the relationship between life and work , What impact and harvest has it had on your life . If not , constantly The earth Buying books and Do not read , Or it's useless to read , That's waste energy Hoarding knowledge .
 
2 、 Turn knowledge into action
 
Reading without thinking is meaningless , Study 、 reflection 、 Action should take up one-third of the time . The most important thing in reading is to think about the contents of the book , The lines , And make full use of it in your life and work . Think clearly before reading , What should I do , What is the lack of knowledge and ability at this stage , Then read the topic pertinently 、 Solve problems or be interested in reading .
 
Turn the knowledge of reading into action , Will be in “ read ” In the process of , Put the knowledge and ideas in the book , Think with yourself 、 To live and work , Repeat the comparison 、 analysis , Finally, after induction 、 summary 、 Translate into your own action strategy or create new integration .
 
If not from the perspective of the Creator , I don't know what this book has to do with myself , Just swallowing , Indigestion , Read more 、 No matter how fast, just fill your anxiety . If you don't build your own knowledge structure , Do not internalize the knowledge you read into your own , Create your own thoughts and works , That's a waste of precious time , But did not grow their own tree of knowledge .
 
When you become a Creator , Life is full of books , The advertisements you see are copybooks that you can learn , Seeing a good movie can be a wonderful novel , Observing the operation of a bakery can be a business book , Everything around is the content of learning , Learn by yourself 、 reflection 、 Actions are connected in series .
 
2 ) Article reading notes
 
When we read better books , Bring yourself some ideas and inspiration , You can write an article like reading note or make a reading sharing meeting , Create, share and spread value . Write good article reading notes .

Teacher Liu Feng once said : “ What I did , The lecture , Not at the tip of a bull's horn . I'm telling myself , Because I want to let myself constantly understand these things . Why do I always say before I say , The speaker is the biggest beneficiary , Because this occasion gave me a chance , Let me see so many projected pictures ( image ), And constantly awaken my inner wisdom .”
 
When you write a wonderful article style Reading Note , Then make according to the content PPT , It can be used as a personal reading sharing meeting . When you can put a The main points of this book say to Listen to others , It's actually Give Way I'm deeper Get to know the book , You'll find that own also There is no clear understanding . In the process of talking about interaction , You will hear feedback and put questions to , Help you continue to improve relevant knowledge .
 
The fact that knowledge is interrelated , The essence of effective learning is to understand and create relevance . Note taking will help clarify the connection between brain ideas and knowledge , How to use notes to improve personal growth ?

On Sunday, (4 month 17 Japan ) On the evening of 9:00-10:00, I will be in the hall of knowledge APP Of “ Round table discussion ” Let's get to the bottom of it :2022 year , You must learn “ Efficient note taking magic ”. How to use notes , Build an efficient and practical personal growth system , Improve capability and efficiency , Achieve your goals in life , Create notes + The infinite possibilities of life !

Partners involved in interaction , Will have the opportunity to obtain 《 Effective note taking for a lifetime 》 Oh , In the book Share the system 6 Big note taking methods and 28 A practical tool for you :

On Sunday, ( 4 month 17 Japan ) On the evening of 9:00-10:00, “ Round table discussion ” I'm looking forward to your participation ^-^


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