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1. Cognitive awakening: powerful people are doing this

2022-03-27 03:57:39 Knowledge hall

         a new year , Recommend this book to every friend who will embark on the road of self-improvement , From ZhouLing 《 Cognitive Awakening 》. This book starts with alleviating the anxiety of personal self-improvement needs , Put forward five solutions .

         In Zhou Ling's view , Whatever the anxiety , The essential reason is that the gap between desire and ability is too large . As far as I'm concerned , Including current work 、 Like reading and photography 、 Also want to travel …… In summary “ Want to do a lot of things at the same time , I want to see the effect immediately ”, A year off , I feel like I've learned a lot , A lot of improvement , Summarize yourself at the end of the year , Obviously there is no progress , So I began to study app Last year's annual fee , Sign up for a bunch of courses that you don't know are useful or useless , So circular , Anxiety is also rising . actually , Having desire is a good thing , But the next thing to do is to match desire with ability , So as to achieve the purpose of self-improvement .

         This book starts with the structure of the brain , Let's take the first step : To be patient . The human brain can be divided into three parts : Instinctive brain , From the age of reptiles , Supervisor instinct ; Emotional brain , From the mammalian age , Supervisor emotion ; Rational brain , From the age of primates , Supervisor cognition . Obvious , The rational brain can better meet the needs of our modern people , But it has the weakest control over the brain , Many times we think “ Think rationally ” In fact, they are rationalizing their own behavior and desires . and The first step to being patient , Is to accept that we are all emotional animals , Not as rational as you think . that , Face the temptation , Especially the temptation of self-improvement , want Learn to delay gratification , Allow yourself to change slowly , Even fail . want Empower difficulties , Give meaning to action , Find a way to make the other two parts of the brain : Instinctive brain and emotional brain can feel the fun of difficult things .

         The second step , Defeat the subconscious . Think about it , When we feel we need to improve , The best way is to learn , What to learn , How to learn ? The way I used to be “ Follow your heart , Holding the hand of dream ”, When you see a book that may be useful to you, read it , But the harvest is not big . Because there is no clear goal orientation , There will be no thinking about the problem , Finally, reading becomes reading . therefore , The first thing to do , Namely Eliminate cognitive ambiguity , The way to improve your thinking ability is to constantly identify the core difficulties , Think about it , Gain insight . In the process , The emotional brain will come out from time to time to interfere with you , Including all kinds of disappointments encountered in work and life , Will interfere with themselves , And then affect the whole plan . What we have to do at this time , Namely Dismantle troubles , Eliminate emotional ambiguity . Dissect negative emotions , Resolve to the source of every problem , Ask yourself why , How to solve , Make your emotions transparent , We can start from five aspects :1. Maintain environmental awareness , Rational choice ;2. Maintain goal awareness , Less is more ;3. Maintain desire awareness , Review decisions ;4. Maintain emotional awareness , Make a careful decision ;5. Keep your spare time conscious , self-handicapping . Third , Is to Eliminate ambiguity in action . Refine the objectives and processes , Find a one-way path to the final goal among many choices .

         Adjust yourself , Then proceed to the third step : Improve learning ability . What we call learning here , It refers to deep learning : Be able to acquire high-quality knowledge , Old and new knowledge can be linked to each other , Finally, output results and get feedback . stay Acquire high-quality knowledge In the process of , The author reminds us :1. Avoid clock in mentality .“ Clock in ” Of course, the existence of the mechanism will have some positive incentives , But it will also appear in order to punch in , If you can't finish learning, pretend to learn , Stop immediately after learning , Just to punch in .2. Avoid a mission mindset . We've all made plans for ourselves , For example, I have to recite 50 An English word , But one day's work is very busy , To carry this 50 One word makes me tired both physically and mentally , Finally completely numb , Give up gradually . The plan itself is not wrong , But it depends on how to use . The author's suggestion is , Set the lower limit for the task , No upper limit , Circumvent the closure requirements of the task . For example, I recite at least one day 5 Word , Turn passive into active . After the accumulation of knowledge , Splice your own cognitive network It's very important . I recommend using electronic notes 、 Mind mapping tools, etc . Output results and get feedback More important for personal improvement , Try your best to polish the work into the best you can do now , Share with others , Treat feedback calmly and objectively , Learn from experience , Get a promotion .

         Whether it's learning new knowledge or improving one's ability , The author suggests that we should choose the right direction , Adhere to the principle of deliberate practice , Expand your capabilities a little at the edge of your comfort zone , The so-called comfort zone , That's what we can do, but it's especially easy to make mistakes , Or something you can't do but can do with a little effort . I call the fourth step “ Strengthen procedural capacity ”, It is divided into three parts :
        1. Improve mobility . That is to refine the goal 、 The ability to concretize , Simply put, it's planning . stay 《 Seven habits of highly effective people 》 In this book , There are two good suggestions :“ Start with the end —— The principle of Self Leadership ”: personal 、 family 、 When teams and organizations make any plans , We all work out our vision and goals first , And shape the future , Devote yourself to the principles that you value the most 、 sense of worth 、 Relationships and goals .“ First of all —— The principle of self-management ”: Put important things first , Choose a goal , Schedule , Daily adjustment .
        2. Improve your concentration . With clearly defined goals , The next thing to do is focus . follow “ Extreme concentration + Take the initiative to rest ” The pattern of , The author suggests using “ Tomato working method ”, Work with great concentration first 25 minute , Then rest 5 minute , And so on and so on . I'm using this method myself , Not only does it feel like attention gets higher , At the end of each tomato time, there is still a sense of meaning . meanwhile , Pay attention to emotional focus —— Feeling and action are synchronized , What are you doing now , You have to feel the process with your heart , Take the initiative to block out those things that will affect us .
        3. Timely checking . It's called “ metacognitive ”, That is, reflection , It means thinking about the past , Review the process , Reflect on the reasons , Explore the law , So as to improve the ability . Written by Chen Zhong 《 replay : Practice thinking about the past 》 In a Book , For the reason analysis in the process of reflection , Several feasible paths are given : from “ Not in line with expectations ” Where to start , from “ The key point of the matter ” Starting with , Reflect on your attitude and way of doing things , And is the original heart right . By strengthening action 、 Focus and recovery , So as to form a complete set of processes , Constantly optimize according to your own situation , In order to achieve their goals .

         Step five , stay 《 Seven habits of highly effective people 》 Also mentioned in : In the fundamentals of life , Constantly update yourself . The author's suggestion is : Get up early , motion , meditation , Reading and writing , I deeply agree with . In the New Year , I hope every forerunner , Can achieve their small goals one by one , Create your own core competitiveness , Realize their own value .

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